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Marilyn Monroe
June 1, 1926 - August 5, 1962
 


 

 

Norma Jeane Mortenson, otherwise known as Marilyn Monroe, was a talented actress, singer, and model who dazzled the screen becoming a glamorous American sex symbol.  Marilyn initially did not have any acting experience; however, Marilyn became an instant Hollywood star and legend making 29 movies spanning over her 16 year career.

Marilyn was born in Los Angeles County General hospital on June 1, 1926. Her young life was filled with disarray as her her mother was deemed mentally unstable to care for her. Marilyn was placed in several foster homes in addition to living with several relatives. Finally, at the age of sixteen, Marilyn's caregivers, Grace McKee and Ervin Goddard, were planning to relocate to Virginia and did not want to take Marilyn with them. Marilyn at the time was attending high school and met and dated a young man, James Dougherty. Grace had suggested to Jim's mother that Marilyn and James get married so that Marilyn would not have to go back into an orphanage.  Jim initially relented on the idea given that Marilyn was only sixteen years of age at the time; however, he then agreed and the two were married on June 19, 1942 after she graduated from high school. The marriage ultimately did not last as the couple ended up being divorce on September 13, 1946.  In 1951, Marilyn's future husband, baseball legend, Joe DiMaggio, had seen one of her movies and had asked for a date to be arranged between the two individuals. In March 1952, the couple had gone out of their first date and on January 14, 1954, they were married at San Francisco City Hall.  The marriage between Marilyn and Joe did not last whereas the divorce was finalized on October 31, 1955. In 1956, Marilyn married playwright Arthur Miller. Her third marriage also ended in divorce in 1961.

Marilyn's had an outstanding on screen career from 1947 until her death in 1962. She starred in notable works including Niagara, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, River of No Return, The Seven Year Itch, Some Like It Hot, and The Misfits. Monroe also starred in other such films as Monkey BusinessHow To Marry A Millionaire, There's No Business Like Show Business, Bus Stop, Something's Got to Give, and The Prince and the Showgirl Some Like it Hot became a resounding success, and was nominated for six Academy Awards. Monroe was acclaimed for her performance and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.

Marilyn also was portrayed in several media publication throughout her career. In April 1952, she was on the cover of Life Magazine. In May 1952, she was portrayed in an issue of True Experiences magazines which covered stories of her childhood and upbringing. In December 1953, she was in the first issue of PlayBoy magazine making her the first Playmate of the Month.  In 1956, she was pictured in Life magazine with Victor Mature greeting the Queen of England. On May 19, 1962, she attended President John F. Kennedy early birthday celebration and performed "Happy Birthday, Mr. President," which continued into a tweaking of a verse of "Thanks for the Memory."

Towards the final years of her career, Marilyn suffered from various health problems including insomnia which attributed to the use of several medications which could potentially be addicting. She had sought the help of psychiatrist, Dr. Ralph Greenson. Greenson had stated Marilyn had discussed with him that she often seen various doctors who prescribed her medications for her insomnia. Greenson stated although these medications could lead to addiction; Marilyn was able to refraining from using these medication for extended period of time without suffering from withdrawal.  In 1960, Marilyn often was too ill to perform. She away in Nevada shooting The Misfits an being away from her psychiatrist, Dr. Greenson, was unable to stay away from the influence of sleeping pills and alcohol.

On August 5, 1962, Marilyn was found early in the morning dead in her bed. Her  psychiatrist, Dr. Ralph Greenson called 911 to report Monroe was found dead at her home. Her toxicology report stated that eight milligram per cent of Chloral hydrate and 4.5 milligram percent of Nembutal were found in her system. Dr. Thomas Noguchi of the Los Angeles County Coroners office recorded cause of death as "acute barbiturate poisoning," resulting from a "probable suicide." There are several conspiracy theories that Marilyn's death was the result of the mafia or CIA; or it was rumored that she had affairs with John and Robert Kennedy. It was supposedly reported that last person who talked to Marilyn was the 35th President of the United States, John F. Kennedy. (Wikipedia)

The official cause of death on the autopsy report is listed ask "Acute Barbiturate Poisoning due to ingestion of overdose."  Marilyn Monroe is interred in Westwood Memorial Park, in the Corridor of Memories, Plot 24, in Los Angeles, California.

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View the Declassified FBI Vault Files for Marilyn Monroe






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